Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting young adults.
It affects the nerves in your brain and spinal cord, causing problems with muscle control, vision and balance. It may also affect your memory, as well as your moods and emotions. For some people, MS is characterised by periods of relapse and remission while for others it has a progressive pattern. For everyone, it makes life unpredictable.
MS is thought to be an autoimmune disease, which means that an individual’s body’s immune system, which usually just attacks harmful things like bacteria and viruses, attacks their own healthy body tissue causing inflammation.
The condition is the result of damage to myelin- a protective sheath surrounding nerve fibres of the central nervous system. When myelin is damaged, this interferes with messages between the brain and other parts of the body